由科学家的信仰所想到的

2017-03-03 15:01:57 | 作者:方建聪 荐 | 来源:《信德报》2017年2月12日,6期(总第710期)

    我们天主教是讲科学的,符合科学的证据很多,现在只讲三个:

    第一个证据:科学家92%信天主。法国德乃脱,曾对300位近代科学家的宗教信仰作了调查(以著作为依据),除38位著作遗失,或著作中未讨论信仰外,其余262位中有242位信天主(包括天主教和新教)占92%(15位中间派占6%。5位不信,占2%)。大家最熟悉的科学泰斗牛顿、爱因斯坦,创立“日心说”的天文学家哥白尼,发明大王爱迪生,发现X光的伦琴,以及伽利略、孟德尔、伏特、安培、欧姆、居里夫人……等等都信天主。其中许多还是非常虔诚的信徒(牛顿、伏特、安培等)甚至天主教神父(哥白尼、孟德尔)。世界最高荣誉的奖项是诺贝尔奖。据1996年资料,全世界639位诺贝尔奖得主中,信天主的(包括天主教和耶稣教)有596位,占93.3%。(信其他宗教的22位,占3.4%,不信教的21位,占3.3%)。大家想想看,科学家和诺贝尔奖得主都是人类中顶聪明、顶有学问知识、顶有科学头脑的人,连他们都信天主,难道我们这些无名之辈信天主有错吗?
    第二个证据:世界上科学最发达的国家都信天主。如美国、英国、法国、德国、荷兰、瑞士等等都信天主(包括天主教和耶稣教)。特别是处在世界科学领先地位的美国,他们的宇航员已多次登上月球,他们的科学家已把一个又一个的的宇宙探测器发射到火星、金星、水星、土星等行星,2004年上半年还把两辆火星车“机遇号”和“勇气号”发射到火星表面进行科学考察。美国科学如此发达,人民却非常信天主,甚至把天主的名字印在美元上:IN GOD WE TRUST,意即我们信仰天主。
    第三个证据:一切自然科学都为天主的存在作证。自然科学,特别是天文学、生物学、数学,和所有现代科学重大发现和重要学说,如生活进化论、基因学说、宇宙大爆炸等等,都为天主的存在,及万物皆天主创造作证。若想进一步了解,请看《科学证明天主存在》和《科学证明有神》(注:河北信德社出版)。
    我们再想想为什么这些有科学头脑的科学家会信天主呢?《科学家的人生观》这本书,里面讲到,牛顿晚年潜心研究圣经达25年之久,还写过几本辩护宗教的神学书。那我们也该用科学的头脑不断思考到底有没有天主。环视自然界的花草树木、飞禽走兽是那么的奥妙,甚至一个鸡蛋,一粒种子的奥妙都胜过飞机、汽车万万倍。尤其是控制生物性状的基因,更是奥妙得令人五体投地。再仰视天空,日月星辰有规律地运行,分秒不差,这一切都为天主的存在作证,并迫使一个真正有科学头脑的人,不得不承认宇宙万物是一位无穷智慧的神所创造。
    笔者从孙振华神父著的《科学证明天主存在》一书中的序言得知:1969年7月20日,美国阿波罗11号太空飞船到达月球,进入绕月轨道。称为“鹰”的登月舱,载着阿姆斯特朗和奥尔德林2名宇航员,向月球表面降落。16时17分43秒,登月舱平稳着陆,人类首次登月成功。阿姆斯特朗立即向美国休斯敦航天中心报告:“休斯敦,这里是静海基地,‘鹰’已经着陆”。话音未落,航天中心大厅里一片沸腾,整个世界掀起了欢呼的浪潮。宇航员对登月舱的仪器,着陆地点等各方面情况进行了一系列检查,确认一切正常后,阿姆斯特朗打开舱门,走出登月舱,小心翼翼地走下9级扶梯。1969年7月20日22时56分20秒,是值得人类永远纪念的时刻,就在这一秒,阿姆斯特朗的右脚踏上月球,在月球表面留下人类的第一个脚印!等双脚站稳后,阿姆斯特朗激动地说:“这是个人的一小步,却是人类的一大步。”
    当宇航员平安返回地球时,全美国的教堂钟声齐鸣。在欢迎宇航员登月胜利归来大会上,新闻记者要求阿姆斯特朗谈谈登月归来的感想。他回答说:“我是一个科学工作者,对一切事情都要用科学方法论证,得出科学结论。这次我登上月球,看到了宇宙的一小部分,就已惊叹大千世界的壮丽宏伟。它们彼此之间,相辅相成,秩序井然,美妙无比!我感觉到人类智慧的渺小。从所观察到的错综复杂,千奇万妙,有条不紊的秩序中,我凭良知推断,没有一位统治者统筹规划是不可能的,绝对不可能的!坦然承认,宇宙有它的创造者——天主。” 阿姆斯特朗经过对人生的思考,对信仰的研究,对宗教的比较,毅然归依天主教,并辞去宇航员职务,进入神学院。以后他到过20多个国家访问,也曾到过上海佘山天主教修院讲学,与大家分享自己从月球回来,归依天主教的感受。
    阿波罗15号太空飞船宇航员詹姆斯·欧文在返回地球后说:“我在那里感受到了过去从未感受到的天主的威力”。后来归依了天主教。阿波罗16号太空飞船宇航员查尔斯·杜克在登月返回地球后也归依了天主教。
    自从人类登月以来,许多宇航员认识了天主,其中有13位辞职进修神学,至少有71位决志全力传福音。
    亲爱的兄弟姐妹:我们的知识有限,我们应虚心诚恳地向天主低头祈祷:“天主啊,如果宇宙间真的有你,我一定信你。求你指点我,使我知道你的存在,好信你”。

关键词: 科学家 信仰 

上一篇: 欧洲传教士对明清时期科技发展的影响

下一篇: 基督宗教对世界文明的贡献

延伸阅读:

教宗接见科学家:需要一个保护受造界的法律体系

科学家称宇宙或已开始大收缩:最终化为乌有

教宗不否定宇宙爆炸论 教廷科学家:立场不变

科学家与宗教信仰

联合国对最著名科学家的一项调查

信德网版权与免责声明

1、投稿:本网欢迎网络和传真等各类方式投稿,但请勿一稿多投。

2、版权:凡本网注明"来源:信德报、信德网或信德编辑部译"的所有内容,版权均属于信德社所有。欢迎转载,但请注明出处。

3、文责:欢迎各地教区、堂区、团体或个人提供当地新闻及其他稿件,信德网一旦刊登,版权虽属信德社,但并不代表本社或本网观点,文责一律由投稿者(教区、堂区、团体、个人)自负。

4、转载:凡本网注明"来源:XXX(非信德报或信德网)"的内容,为本网网友推荐而转载自其他媒体。转载内容并不代表本网观点,转载的目的只在于传递分享更多信息。

网友评论

匿名用户 2017-03-21 08:47:20
"阿姆斯特朗经过对人生的思考,对信仰的研究,对宗教的比较,毅然归依天主教,并辞去宇航员职务,进入神学院。以后他到过20多个国家访问,也曾到过上海佘山天主教修院讲学,与大家分享自己从月球回来,归依天主教的感受"
此信息不正确!!!!他不是天主教徒!

Personal life based on From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Unlike former astronauts who actively sought political careers after leaving NASA (such as U.S. Senators John Glenn (D-OH, 1974–1999) and Harrison Schmitt (R-NM, 1977–1983)), Armstrong was approached by political groups from both parties, but declined all offers. He described his political leanings as favoring states' rights and opposing the United States acting as the "world's policeman".[125]

In the late 1950s, Armstrong applied at a local Methodist church to lead a Boy Scout troop. When asked for his religious affiliation, he labeled himself as a deist.[126][127] His mother later said that Armstrong's religious views caused her grief and distress in later life as she was more religious.[128] First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong, his official biography, also describes him as a deist.

In 1972, Armstrong was welcomed into the town of Langholm, Scotland, the traditional seat of Clan Armstrong; he was made the first freeman of the burgh, and happily declared the town his home.[129] The Justice of the Peace read from an unrepealed 400-year-old law that required him to hang any Armstrong found in the town.[130]

In November 1978, Armstrong was working at his farm near Lebanon, Ohio. As he jumped off of the back of his grain truck, his wedding ring got caught in the wheel, tearing off the tip of his left hand's ring finger. He collected the severed digit and packed it in ice, and surgeons reattached it at the Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.[131] In February 1991, a year after his father had died, and nine months after the death of his mother, he suffered a mild heart attack while skiing with friends at Aspen, Colorado.[132]

Armstrong married his first wife Janet Shearon on January 28, 1956. Their first son Eric was born in 1957, followed by daughter, Karen, in 1959. Karen died of a brain tumor in January 1962, and the couple's second son Mark was born in 1963.[133] Armstrong's first wife, Janet, divorced him in 1994, after 38 years of marriage.[134] He had met his second wife, Carol Held Knight (b. 1945),[135] in 1992 at a golf tournament, where they were seated together at the breakfast table. She said little to Armstrong, but two weeks later she received a call from him asking what she was doing—she replied she was cutting down a cherry tree; 35 minutes later Armstrong was at her house to help out. They were married on June 12, 1994, in Ohio, and then had a second ceremony, at San Ysidro Ranch, in California. He lived in Indian Hill, Ohio.[136]

Armstrong is generally referred to as a "reluctant" American hero. John Glenn, the first American to orbit Earth, recalled Armstrong's legendary humility. "He didn't feel that he should be out huckstering himself," the former Ohio senator told CNN.[137] "He was a humble person, and that's the way he remained after his lunar flight, as well as before."


Photo 


Quincy Jones presents platinum copies of "Fly Me to the Moon" to John Glenn (left) and Armstrong, September 24, 2008.
After 1994, Armstrong refused all requests for autographs because he found that his signed items were selling for large amounts of money and that many forgeries were in circulation; any requests that were sent to him received a form letter in reply, saying that he had stopped signing. Although his no-autograph policy was well known, author Andrew Smith observed people at the 2002 Reno Air Races still trying to get signatures, with one person even claiming, "If you shove something close enough in front of his face, he'll sign."[138] He also stopped sending out congratulatory letters to new Eagle Scouts, because he believed these letters should come from people who know the Scouts personally.[139]

Use of Armstrong's name, image, and famous quote caused him problems over the years. MTV wanted to use his quote for its now-famous identity depicting the Apollo 11 landing when it launched in 1981, but he refused.[140] Armstrong sued Hallmark Cards in 1994 after they used his name and a recording of the "one small step" quote in a Christmas ornament without permission. The lawsuit was settled out of court[141] for an undisclosed amount of money which Armstrong donated to Purdue.[142]

In May 2005, Armstrong became involved in an unusual legal dispute with his barber of 20 years, Mark Sizemore.[143] After cutting Armstrong's hair, Sizemore sold some of it to a collector for $3,000 without Armstrong's knowledge or permission.[144] Armstrong threatened legal action against Sizemore unless he returned the hair or donated the proceeds to a charity of Armstrong's choosing. Sizemore, unable to retrieve the hair, decided to donate the proceeds to the charity of Armstrong's choice.[145]

Since the early 1980s, Armstrong has been the subject of a hoax saying that he converted to Islam after hearing the adhan, the Muslim call to prayer, while walking on the Moon. The Indonesian singer Suhaemi wrote a song called "Gema Suara Adzan di Bulan" ("The Resonant Sound of the Call to Prayer on the Moon") which described Armstrong's conversion; the song was discussed widely in various Jakarta news outlets in 1983.[146] Other similar hoax stories were seen in Egypt and Malaysia. In March 1983, the U.S. State Department responded by issuing a global message to Muslims saying that Armstrong "has not converted to Islam".[147] However, the hoax was not completely quieted; it surfaced occasionally for the next three decades. A part of the confusion stems from the similarity between Armstrong's American residence in Lebanon, Ohio, and the country Lebanon, which has a majority population of Muslims.[147][148]

发表评论